Welcome! This article is a part of Crafted Colour – Practical Colour Theory for Craft series, which is aimed at helping you develop your Colour Confidence and Craft with Colour. Today you will learn why you need to know about Analogous and Monochromatic colour schemes.
Analogous colours are closely related colours and found next to each other on the colour wheel. They are usually calm and harmonious and are found most commonly in nature. For example blue-green, green and yellow-green.
The key to using an Analogous colour scheme is to select one colour as the main colour, a second colour to support and the third colour (with a neutral) to accent. So in the example below I could use the red-violet as my main colour, a tint of red (pink) as the support colour and a shade of red-orange with a neutral colour to accent. (More on neutral colours later.)
The word monochromatic literally means one (mono) and colour (chroma). So, a Monochromatic colour scheme is one single colour, which includes its tints, shades and tones. For example you could have a colour palette made up of pale blue (a tint), pure blue (the primary colour) navy blue (the shade) and blue-grey (a tone). But, as I mentioned in Tint Shade and Tone, adding black to a colour to get a shade may change the colour (see the middle yellow colour in the graphic above).
Next, we wrap up Part 3 of Colour Schemes with Triadic and Tetradic colour combinations.